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《公路工程造价指南与清单项目案例分析》图书简介
点击率:483 资料整理:郭俊飞 来源:本站 发布人:郭俊飞 时间:2010-8-24

 

    随着公路工程建设的迅速发展和项目投资的多元化,设计理论和施工技术不断提高,确定公路工程造价就需要综合公路工程建设中各方面的知识,熟悉公路造价的编制办法、指标、定额、计量规则、费用标准等方面的内容,具备完善的专业知识,培育适合公路建设市场的造价管理人员。参与公路建设各单位应加强基本建设经济管理工作,配备和充实公路工程造价人员,切实做好概、预算的编制工作。公路工程造价人员应不断提高专业素质,掌握设计、施工情况,做好方案间的经济比较,使技术工作和经济工作结合起来,全面、有效地提高设计质量,合理确定工程造价。 

    现已出版的有关公路造价文件编制的书籍深受读者的欢迎,对有关人员的学习、工作提高起着很大的作用,笔者也在相关著作的阅读中深受启发。作为在公路建设过程中承担设计概预算、招投标清单、合约管理的技术工作者,在编辑过程中充分归纳考虑参编人员历年来的实际项目体会与管理经验,为向读者提供一本全面、系统以项目全过程造价分析为主书籍,因此主持编制本书。本书力图以简洁的语言,综合阐述清单造价分目、工程量审核与分解、施工方案与措施工程量、定额应用与套取、成果统计与检查等相关知识点,全过程展现实例项目(路基、T梁)逐步实现。 

    一、本书选取的阐述重点工程造价有两种含义: 

    1、是指建设工程投资费用或称投资额;公路工程投资费用是指公路建设项目从立项到建成交付使用前的预期开支或实际开支的全部固定资产投资费用。它包括建筑工程、安装工程、设备工器具购置费及其他相关费用,俗称设计阶段工程造价。 

    2、是指工程价格或称合同价、承包价;公路项目承包价格是施工企业在建筑市场上,通过投标竞争与业主达成的为完成某一建设项目(单项工程)的合同价,它是以社会主义商品经济和市场经济为前提,以工程这种特定的商品形式作为交易对象,通过招投标、承发包或其他交易方式,在进行多次性预估的基础上,最终由市场形成的价格。 

    2007年交通部颁发《公路工程基本建设项目概预算编制办法》,新编办规定概预算项目表基本与与工程量清单细目表一致,进一步加强设计造价与市场价格的纵向联系;工程造价区分为估算、概算、预算、标底标价、结算等,不同造价阶段所考虑和把握的因素是有所区别的,由于受篇幅限制,不能一一展现所有阶段工程造价,选取其中代表性强的阶段予以剖析,使读者在掌握系统结构思路的基础上,举一反三,掌握其他类别的工程造价;所以本书施工阶段合同价为重点进行讲解。 

    二、本书阐述的重点

    公路工程包括道路、桥涵、隧道、交安等,涉及内容广泛,所处位置和区域多样,结构形式复杂,施工方法又根据不同地区和环境复杂多样,从事造价要求知识面广、资料多。本书以系统工程的观点详细阐述了编制公路造价的基本流程、专业知识、施工方法、工程数量的计算方法、定额的理解和应用、国内招标投标、造价后评价和综合应用等方面的内容。分三个重点予以描述,具体如下: 

    ⑴以“合同价(承包价)”为主:从目前公路行业的具体情况来说,“合同价(承包价)”从参与单位来讲,涉及单位多(包括建设单位、施工单位、监理单位、监督单位和审计单位等);从内容来讲,涉及内容更复杂(包括设计图纸、合同文件、清单计量规则、国家法规、施工组织、定额应用等。 

    ⑵“图表语言”贯穿全局:公路工程造价是以表格为表现方式的,最终成果以12个表格和造价说明形成的,各个表格之间互相联系,构成一个有机的整体。本书在阐述造价知识和项目造价形成过程中,以大量的计算表格、图形分析为依据,全面的展示了项目造价幕后工作和幕前成果。 

    ⑶过程分析,透析全局 

    在本书中所涉及的项目,按照建设项目招投标的基本流程和国内行业状况,按照时间顺序上从前到后,空间结构的自下到上顺序,横向联系计量规则、设计图纸、工程技术、造价定额与编办等知识,透析知识间的联系和在实际项目中的应用,纵向考虑工程调查、内业计算、施工技术、成果研讨和履行过程方面的经验,透析项目造价的形成过程和履行中的经验。针对在工程造价中常见的工程量漏项错误、施工方案考虑不周、定额套取错误等关键项目和经济指标较大的重点细目造价形成给予重点分析。 

    三、本书阅读指南

    1、本书引用国家标准政策法规与书中简称

 

     2、本书涉及内容与阐述重点

    本书由浅入深、从局部到全部展示公路建设项目造价形成过程,通过三个篇幅予以阐述,第一篇主要介绍公路建设项目造价费用构成、定额构成、公路工程量清单编制方法以及国内招标流程等基础知识,是编制公路建设项目造价的基础;第二篇主要介绍公路建设项目造价形成流程分析、设计图纸阅读方法、综合取费计算、工料机预算单价计算四个方面知识,是编制建设项目造价通用性知识;第三篇主要以某高速公路项目道路、桥涵案例为基础,通过设计图纸数据剖析应用、施工组织设计与措施工程量(介绍常用措施项目类型和适应范围)取定、工程量清单编制与清单细目范围构成、定额应用与套取和项目成果五个方面结构化、层次化展现公路建设项目造价形成过程;本书知识点层次化分布和重点介绍内容详见表12

  

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